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2020年9月雅思考試預測|有了這份預測,換題季也不怕!

2020-08-28 09:51

來源:新媒體中心

作者:

給各位小烤鴨說個恐怖故事:

換題季來了!

搶考位不易,且考且珍惜。哪怕是換題季,也要硬著頭皮準備——

畢竟,2170的考試費不允許我們退縮!

2020年9月雅思考試預測

小烤鴨們還不趕快看看這份9月雅思預測,臨時抱抱佛腳?

01

口語 Speaking

由于9月將迎來一波換題,不少烤鴨會錯誤地認為準備口語沒有用。NONONO??!

每次雅思官方進行題庫更新,會換掉大約30%~40%的舊題,并加入等量新話題。也就是說,5-8月的題庫大部分依然會在9月碰到!

2020年9月雅思考試預測

9月考試的小烤鴨們,建議按照5-8月題庫先行準備,等待9月更新最新題庫,到時候再準備更換的部分題目即可~

02

聽力 Listening

2020年8月聽力重點為大家整理出了20篇復習題目,針對大陸考區,P1,P4以填空題為主,P2,P3以選擇題為主??疾斓拇鸢冈~匯已為大家整理出詞匯表并附音頻。

復習建議步驟如下:

1. 大家可以先過題目內容,了解考察的話題。

2. 熟記題干和答案單詞并進行整理背誦

3. 聽錄音糾正單詞表單詞發音并背誦單詞

4. 不暫停錄音進行單詞聽寫(暫不用寫中文)

5. 有高分要求的同學可以同時掌握單詞中文

Part1 預測重點(5篇)

打電話要求家庭打掃服務

野炊用具租賃和購買

滑冰會員咨詢

音樂節活動介紹

小鎮居住情況介紹

Part 1

主題提示:打電話要求家庭打掃服務

House Cleaning Service

1-4) completions

1. Location: southeast London

2. Room types: Two double room

3. The other room was used as a(an) office

4. Downstairs: kitchen, conservatory, and lounge

5-7) multiple choices

5. Which of these extra services does the agent agree to do?

A. change the bed linen

B. do some gardening work

C. clean the window glass

6. What does the customer want to clean every three months?

A. curtains

B. carpets

C. mats

7. What does the customer want to be done with the clothe?

A. washed and ironed them

B. ironed them

C. cleaned and ironed them

8-10)

8. Address: Amyes Street

9. Clean Service Date available: Thursday

10. The longest working booking of : 3 hours/each time

Part 1

主題提示:野炊用具租賃和購買

Rent and buy barbecue tools

1-6) Table fillings

2020年9月雅思考試預測

7-10) Gap fillings

1. The man bought a gas tank of 15 kilograms size

2. Charcoal is produced from specially managed forests

3. The company is interested in helping traditional industry

4. Incorrect or damaged goods can be returned or refunded.

Part 1

主題提示:滑冰會員咨詢

In order to consult some information about the registration of skiing for her son and nephew, Mum made a call to the skiing center.

1-5) Completions

1. the exact address: next to a garage

2. Park car in the West Park, as the north is only for staff.

3. The Closing Time for the center is till midnight in December

4. Hotel provides special drink, including hot chocolate

5. There is a variety of food for children, and then Mum asked whether there is pizza available.

6-10) Table Fillings

2020年9月雅思考試預測

Part 1

主題提示:音樂節活動介紹

Musical Festival

1-6) Table fillings

2020年9月雅思考試預測

7-10) Completions

1. Activities end by 10:15 p.m

2. Not enough parking this year

3. The festival’s web address in : www.events.com

4. People receive feedback online

Part 1

主題提示:小鎮居住情況介紹

Living in a small town

1-10) Completions

1. The name of the suburb: Hollbrook

2. The special program is only for the senior citizens

3. 題干的答案缺失

4. Recommend drama type: history

5. Good for *** is popular with teenagers

6. And the most welcomed movie is horror

7. The upper limit of the age:22

8. 題干的答案缺失

9. There is a parking area, in this neighborhood

10. 題干的答案缺失

Part2 預測重點(5篇)

地產經紀人介紹出售的連房屋

美術館

學生旅游

男生假期找兼職

介紹一個校園的map,是給新生介紹校園和宿舍

Part 2

主題提示:房產中介介紹待售房屋

11-13) Multiple Choice

11-12. Why does she buy the house? (two advantages?)

A good location

B unusual design

C low price

D newly decorated

E suitable for family with children

13. When could the girl visit the house?

A Wednesday lunches

B every afternoon

C all weekends

14-16) Map Completing

2020年9月雅思考試預測

14. living room

15. bathroom

16. spare room

17-20) Table Completing

2020年9月雅思考試預測

Part 2

主題提示:美術館介紹

11-15) Multiple Choice

11. The first Exhibit was bought by

A the queen

B the state government

C a businessman

12. The feature of the museum can be seen in its

A quality

B variety

C unique oil paintings

13. The building Drake Wing is

A a collection of interesting oil paintings

B a part of the new building

C latest collection of paintings

14. The guided tour can be

A no extra charge/fee

B three times a day

C after your donation

15. The museum closes later at the once a week, the time is

A 6 pm Wednesday

B 9 pm Thursday

C 暫缺

16-18) Completing

16. Museum-A’s collection is by law court river, near the harbour.

17. material used in building the Victoria Museum floors is recycled.

18. On the museum top floor, you can see the collected works from local artists in exhibition.

19-20) Multiple Choice

19. How to get to the spot near the law court?

A by No. 21 bus

B by the river taxi

C by taxi or buses

20. In 1950s, the museum was used as

A warehouse

B 暫缺

B 暫缺

Part 2

主題提示:學生旅游項目介紹

11-14) Completing

11. Everyone needs to bring his/her student card to get discount.

12. Gathering time: meet at 9.50 am and take buses of 10.10 am.

13. Total trip on the road is of 75 minutes.

14. pick up from the station to hotel by taxi.

15-20) Multiple Choice

15-16. What additional services can the hotel provide?

A 暫缺

B special diet in breakfast

C radio

D non-smoking room

E 暫缺

17. On Saturday afternoon activity, students will

A learn about British ancient life

B join a project about ancestors

C study the archaeology

18. Saturday evening activity includes

A going around an old house

B watching a firework show

C listening to a musical performance

19. Sunday morning’s activity is

A visiting a bookshop

B going around a house

C going on a trip on old train

20. On Sunday afternoon, they will

A 暫缺

B attend a local event

C 暫缺

Part 2

主題:男生Peter假期找兼職

11-16) Completing

2020年9月雅思考試預測

17-20) Multiple Choices

17 Where does he get the information about the work at zoo?

A from one of his friends

B from the internet

C from student job centre

18 What did Peter think about his job?

A interesting

B challenging

C unusual

19 What part of job makes Peter think it is interesting?

A working with children

B caring about animals

C getting a lot knowledge about environment

20 What will he do in the next term?

A do the same job

B do a job in somewhere

C do not work

Part 2

主題:給新生的校園介紹

11-15) Map Matching

2020年9月雅思考試預測

11. a student service unit-B

12. health unit/centre-D

13. student centre-F

14. international unit-A

15. accommodation office-E

16-20) Completion

16. Every room has its own shower.

17. Most food containers have students’ name on them.

18. When you entered the dorm building, a security code is needed to go in hostel.

19. Laundry facilities situated in basement of the hostel.

20. All TV, radio. etc should be turn off after 11.30 pm.

Part3 預測重點(5篇)

公司研發創興專利流程

Alex工廠實習的評價反饋

關于達芬奇的古畫鑒定研究

學生之間的互相評價

石油開采

Part 3

主題提示:公司研發創新專利流程的

Company's patent application

21-26) Matching

選項字母not 100%正確, 內容正確

21 Copyright - F automatically create awarded~

22 Patent draft - D help from external expert

23 Trademark - B increase confidence of company's product

24 Design - G used by telecommunication company

25 Circuit - C can not be used oversea

26 Company trade secrets - A sign a special contract

27-30) Matching   

選項字母not 100%正確, 內容正確

A business managers

B License manages

C research manager

D project leader

E patent manager

F delivery office

G external expert

H internal coordinator

commercial committee

27-30) flowchart流程圖

選項字母not 100%正確, 內容正確

27第1步:D 項目經理制定初稿,研究

28第2步:I 委員會審核修改和更正:

29第3步:F 傳遞員收集并發給商務總經理

30第4步:最后那一步:A  商務總經理評估

Part 3

主題提示: Alex  工廠實習的評價反饋

The main job tasks for man named Alex during the internship of a company, the comments from the boss and self reflection.

21-26) Matching

A  frustrated     B challenging     C enjoyable      D easy

21 hotel accommodation booking B

22 catering ordering food? D

23 tour on company premises(visiting all the places in the company) :B

24 leisure activities C

25 airport transfer:D

26 PC information technology problem A

27-30 Multiple Choice

27-28 What does the boss think of ALEX?

A intelligent

B Good at Organization,

C Good proposal of recommendations

D Need More training,

29-30 What area does ALEX think should be improved?

plan phone calls

be more decisive

speaking French

working to deadine

Part 3

主題提示: 關于達芬奇一副古畫鑒定的研究Jackson Pollock's painting and an Italian guy named Sarec in i who was searching for a lost painting of Da Vinci

21-25) Multiple choices

21 why did John think Jackson Pollock's painting is fake

A are too easy to make fake copy

B his work is complex

C look simple and childish

22 why initially John think 5 pounds的畫作is fake

A it is too cheap

B background featured wrong colored 顏色搭配不好

C lack of documentation

23 why international foundation reject 5磅的畫作?

A the material applied

B what's on the back

C featured in coloring mismatched

24 john和Emily both agree on what

What現代藝術的status for modern art

A new method will replace the traditional method to identify painting

B Scientists and artists can work together to evaluate the painting

25-30) Matching - Flowchart流程

An Italian named Sarecini use scientific methods to scan the building

2020年9月雅思考試預測

Part 3

主題提示: 學生之間的互相評價(peer assessment)

self assessment among students

21-24) Multiple choices

21 what does girls (Sally) think the other students on

the self assessment

A an approach for tutor to save time

B can be a very useful too

C valuable...

2 both the girls and boys(the male and female students) agreed on that

B increase the self-awareness among students

23 what if the marks are incorrect?

A the students have to the assignment again

B the tutors would re-mark it

C the criteria should be re-written

24 How the presentation (attending a conference) will be marked?

A both the students and the tutors judge the individual performance

2020年9月雅思考試預測

Part 3

主題提示: 石油開采Sunset of oil production

21-25) Multiple choices

21根據 **magazine觀點, the biggest concern to oil supply?

A the large amount of oil used everyday

B the increasing dependence on oil related products

C the length of time passed from the peak of oil production

22對于financial investor influence on the oil price

A money will move into another area

B more confident about the future

C financial investors should be blamed for

23-25) Matching(字母和原卷有差異,不可背字母)

2020年9月雅思考試預測

26-30) Matching:每一個對應的專家的觀點

26 Dr Lynn -- can be continued to produce oil

27 Dr Eric --- it is already in the oil peak

28 King Hubert - still have a long time to find alternative resources

29 Mr. D. Schewg --- impose the influence on stock market

30 Dr Campell - it is too late to develop the alternative energy resources

現在開始研發替代能源太遲了history may offer solutions

Part4 預測重點 (5篇)

非洲鱷魚

英國商業連鎖超市改良

沙漠建造一所新城

美洲土著建筑講座

人類嗅覺的研究

Part 4

主題提示:人類嗅覺的研究

31-40)Completions

? From previous research

31. the animal of monkeys

32. can smell tiny chemical

33. can easily know it is chocolate

34. the smell of orange in a nightclub

35. detect fear in the man’s sweat

36. Not good at finding the source of a smell

? Reasons why smell is important

37. cannot be very accurate

38. recall the memories of childhood best

39. whether we are in emotion of sad

40. for people good at smelling spices

Part 4

主題提示:美洲土著建筑的講座

Native American Architecture

31-40)completions

2020年9月雅思考試預測

Part 4

主題提示:在沙漠建造一座新城

Building an ecological city in dessert

31-40)Completions

第一部分,

31. orientation desert needs wind shade to cool

第二部分,

32. 可以在show consumption of electricity in a display

33. take a shower 時可以看到時間water temperature and time 消耗, 可控的

34. 村里的人民乘車 using electronic cars without a driver when people get around

35. 路兩邊建 glass pavement, using mirrors collect sun-successfully收集太陽能

36. large umbrella is shaping like a flower 保護人們防止曬傷

37. landscape: using ash adding into concrete with acid to the building’s exterior

第三部分,

38. there’s a park in the centre of the city

39. every road 之間會有a fountain for people walk

40. in the future, houses will have lowest carbon emission

Part 4

主題提示:英國商業連鎖超市改良

Brimstone supermarket

31-40)Completions

31. Open more branches petrol station to increase market share in England

32. Reduce number of branches in Southern Scotland

33. They close London/Oxford 的head offices

34. a new brand …focus on fresh food

35. Over 200 staffs have to be retrained and transferred

36. Had a contracted manager to handle the discussion

37. retail store should be flexible in profit

38. Be more open-minded about the strategies for expansion they chose

39. 向誰求幫助 seek help from the partners

40. save cost by changing/ reducing the organizations in the department store

Part 4

主題提示:非洲鱷魚

It’s about crocodile of Africa

31-35) Multiple choice

31. She doesn't believe that there is crocodile there, because she doesn't seen evidence in any document, there is no science evidence.

C. no scientific backup/support

32. The group size?  A.20  B.36  C.45

33. here was crocodile live in?  A. vegetation

34. Crocodiles live in caves of?  C. underground

35. In the past, what is happened in the North America?

B. wetland become desert

36-40) Sentence completion

36. 8 months

37. the depth of

38. Local people do not fear crocodiles

39. no one has been attacked by crocodiles (no report)

40. This researcher still want to find more information about population size, migration patterns and relations to other population.

聽力詞匯

2020年9月聽力填空預測list

2020年9月雅思考試預測

03

閱讀 Reading

8月份的雅思閱讀考試中,文章主題集中在人文社科類,建議各位烤鴨把下表中推薦的可參考劍橋真題認真做一遍,并且進行精讀,以熟悉相關話題。

題型方面的一個突出重點是,8月份的考試出現了非常多的匹配題,特別是8月15號這一場考試中,出現了令人發指的30多道匹配題。這對考生們的同義替換敏感度和抓取關鍵信息的能力提出了非常高的要求。建議計劃9月份參加雅思考試的小烤鴨,要著重加強對匹配題的復習(特別是人名匹配題和段落信息匹配題)。祝大家順利通過考試,拿到自己想要的分數~~

2020年9月雅思考試預測

附上本月考試中出現過的兩篇文章和對應題目,供大家復習參考(大家可以著重感受一下第二篇的花式匹配題~)

Keep a Watchful Eye on the Bridges

A     Most road and rail bridges are only inspected visually, if at all. Every few months, engineers have to clamber over the structure in an attempt to find problems before the bridge shows obvious signs of damage. Technologies developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory, New Mexico, and Texas A&M University may replace these surveys with microwave sensors that constantly monitor the condition of bridges.

B     “The device uses microwaves to measure the distance between the sensor and the bridge, much like radar does,” says Albert Migliori, a Los Alamos physicist “Any load on the bridge – such as traffic induces displacements, which change that distance as the bridge moves up and down.” By monitoring these movements over several minutes, the researchers can find out how the bridge resonates. Changes in its behaviour can give an early warning of damage.

C    The Interstate 40 bridge over the Rio Grande river in Albuquerque provided the researchers with a rare opportunity to text their ideas. Chuck Farrar, an engineer at Los Alamos, explains: “The New Mexico authorities decided to raze this bridge and replace it. We were able to mount instruments on it, test it under various load conditions and even inflict damage just before it was demolished.” In the 1960s and 1970s, 2500 similar bridges were built in the US. They have two steel girders supporting the load in each section. Highway experts know that this design is “fracture critical” because a failure in either girder would cause the bridge to fail.

D    After setting up the microwave dish on the ground below the bridge, the Los Alamos team installed conventional accelerometers at several points along the span to measure its motion. They then tested the bridge while traffic roared across it and while subjecting it to pounding from a “shaker”, which delivered precise punches to a specific point on the road.

E    “We then created damage that we hoped would simulate fatigue cracks that can occur in steel girders,” says Farrar. They first cut a slot about 60 centimetres long in the middle of one girder. They then extended the cut until it reached the bottom of the girder and finally they cut across the flange – the bottom of the girder’s “I” shape.

F    The initial, crude analysis of the bridge’s behaviour, based on the frequency at which the bridge resonates, did not indicate that anything was wrong until the flange was damaged. But later the data were reanalysed with algorithms that took into account changes in the mode shapes of the structure – shapes that the structure takes on when excited at a particular frequency. These more sophisticated algorithms, which were developed by Norris Stubbs at Texas A&M University, successfully identified and located the damage caused by the initial cut.

G    “When any structure vibrates, the energy is distributed throughout with some points not moving, while others vibrate strongly at various frequencies,” says Stubbs. “My algorithms use pattern recognition to detect changes in the distribution of this energy.” NASA already uses Stubbs’ method to check the behaviour of the body flap that slows space shuttles down after they land.

H    A commercial system based on the Los Alamos hardware is now available, complete with the Stubbs algorithms, from the Quatro Corporation in Albuquerque for about $100,000. Tim Darling, another Los Alamos physicist working on the microwave interferometer with Migliori, says that as the electronics become cheaper, a microwave inspection system will eventually be applied to most large bridges in the US. “In a decade I would like to see a battery or solar-powered package mounted under each bridge, scanning it every day to detect changes,” he says.

Questions 1-4

Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.

Write your answers in boxes 1-4 on your answer sheet.

1  How did the traditional way to prevent damage of the bridges before the invention of new monitoring system

A  Bridges has to be tested in every movement on two points.

B  Bridges has to be closely monitored by microwave devices.

C  Bridges has already been monitored by sensors.

D  Bridges has to be frequently inspected by professional workers with naked eyes.

2  How does the new microwave monitors find out the problems of bridges

A  by changeling the distance between the positions of devices

B  by controlling the traffic flow on the bridges

C  by monitoring the distance caused by traffic between two points

D  by displacement of the several critical parts in the bridges

3  Why did the expert believe there is a problem for the design called “fracture critical”

A  Engineers failed to apply the newly developed construction materials.

B  There was not enough finance to repair the bridges.

C  The supporting parts of the bridges may crack and cause the bridge to fail.

D  There was bigger traffic load conditions than the designers had anticipated.

4  Defect was not recognized by a basic method in the beginning

A  until the mid of faces of bridges has fractures.

B  until the damage appears along and down to the flanges.

C  until the points on the road have been punched.

D  until the frequency of resonates appears disordered.

Questions 5-8

Filling the blanks in the diagram labels.

Write the correct answer in boxes 5-8 on your answer sheet.

(題目省略)

Questions 9-13

The reading Passage has eight paragraphs, A–H.

Which paragraph contains the following information?

Write the correct letter, A–H, in boxes 9–13 on your answer sheet.

9  how is the pressure that they have many a great chance to test bridges

10  a ten-year positive change for microwave device

11  the chance they get a honorable contract

12  explanation of the mechanism for the new microwave monitoring to work

13  how is the damage deliberately created by the researchers

答案:

2020年9月雅思考試預測

History of Refrigeration

A  The term refrigeration refers to cooling an area or substance below the environmental temperature, the process of removing heat. Mechanical refrigeration uses the evaporation of a liquid refrigerant to absorb heat. The refrigerant goes through a cycle so that it can be reused, the main cycles are; vapour-compression, absorption, steam-jet or steam-ejector, and air. Maryland farmer Thomas Moore first introduced the term Refrigerator in 1803, the appliance we know today first appeared in the 20th century.

B  Prior to mechanical refrigeration systems, people found different ways of preserving their food. Some people preferred to use cooling systems of ice or snow found either locally or brought down from mountains and sometimes stored in cellars. Using those techniques meant that diets would have consisted of very little fresh food or fruits and vegetables, but mostly of bread, cheese and salted meats. Milk and cheeses were difficult to keep fresh, they were usually stored in a cellar or window box, but despite those methods, they could not prevent rapid spoilage. People were more than ready for a better system of preserving food.Later on, it was discovered that adding chemicals like sodium nitrate or potassium nitrate to water caused the temperature to fall. Cooling wine with this technique was first recorded in 1550, as was the term “to refrigerate”. Cooling drinks became very popular by 1600 in Europe, especially in Spain, Italy and France. Instead of cooling water at night, people used a new technique; rotating long necked bottles in water which held dissolved saltpeter. The solution was used to create very low temperatures and even to make ice. By the end of the 17th century, iced drinks including frozen juices and liquors were very popular in French society.

C  A demand for ice soon became very strong. Consumer demand for fresh food, especially produce, led to diet reform between 1830 and the Civil War, fueled by the dramatic growth of cities and the improvement in economic status of the general populace. And as cities grew, so did the distance between the consumer and the source of the food. In 1799, ice was first shipped commercially out of Canal Street in New York City to Charleston, South Carolina. The attempt was a failure as there was very little ice left when the shipment arrived. Frederick Tudor and Nathaniel Wyeth of New England saw the great potential that existed for the ice business and revolutionized the industry with their efforts in the first half of the 1800s. Tudor, who was known as the “Ice King”, was more focused on shipping ice to tropical climates. To ensure his product would arrive safely, he experimented with different insulating materials and built icehouses that decreased melting losses from 66 percent to less than 8 percent. Wyeth developed a method of cheaply and quickly cutting uniform blocks of ice that transformed the ice industry. He made speed handling techniques in storage, transportation and distribution possible, with less waste.

D Eventually it became clear that the ice being scraped was not all clean and was causing health problems. It was becoming an increasingly difficult task to find clean sources of natural ice and by the 1890’s, pollution and sewage dumping had made the job seem even more impossible. The first signs were noticed in the brewing industry, and then the meat packing and dairy industries became seriously affected. Some sort of clean, mechanical refrigeration was desperately needed.

E Many inventive men were involved in the eventual creation of the refrigerator, through different discoveries that each built on the next. Dr. William Cullen, a Scotsman, was the first to study the evaporation of liquids in a vacuum in 1720. He later demonstrated the first known artificial refrigeration at the University of Glasgow in 1748 by letting ethyl ether boil into a partial vacuum. Olvier Evans, an American inventor, designed the first refrigeration machine to use vapor instead of liquid in 1805. Although he did not actually build it, an American physician named John Gorrie, produced one very similar to Evans’ in 1842 to cool the patients with yellow fever in a Florida hospital. His basic principle is still the most often used in refrigerators today. He found the best way to cool the air was by compressing a gas, then cooling it by sending it through radiating coils, and then expanding it to lower the temperature even more. Evans was granted the first U.S. patent for mechanical refrigeration in 1851 after giving up his medical practice to focus on his experimentation with ice making. In 1820 Michael Faraday, a Londoner, first liquefied ammonia to cause cooling. Ferdinand Carre of France developed the first ammonia/water refrigeration machine in 1859. Carl von Linde was also very influential in the creation of refrigeration. In 1873 he designed the first practical and portable compressor refrigeration machine in Munich and in 1876 he began using an ammonia cycle rather than the methyl ether he used in his earlier models. Linde later developed a new method (Linde technique) for the liquefaction of large quantities of air in 1894. The meat packing industry in Chicago was the next to adopt mechanical refrigeration nearly a decade later.

F Beginning in the 1840s, refrigerated cars were used to transport milk and butter. By 1860, refrigerated transport was limited to mostly seafood and dairy products. The refrigerated railroad car was patented by J.B. Sutherland of Detroit, Michigan in 1867. He designed an insulated car with ice bunkers in each end. Air came in on the top, passed through the bunkers, and circulated through the car by gravity, controlled by the use of hanging flaps that created differences in air temperature. There were different car designs based upon the type of cargo, whether meat or fruit. The first refrigerated car to carry fresh fruit was built in 1867 by Parker Earle of Illinois, who shipped strawberries on the Illinois Central Railroad. Each chest contained 100 pounds of ice and 200 quarts of strawberries. It was not until 1949 that a refrigeration system made its way into the trucking industry by way of a roof-mounted cooling device, patented by Fred Jones.

G Refrigerators that were built in the late 1800s to 1929 used the toxic gases; methyl chloride, ammonia and sulphur dioxide as refrigerants. There were numerous fatal accidents that occurred in the 1920s when methyl chloride leaked out of refrigerators. After the terrible incidents, three American companies began researching less dangerous methods of refrigeration. Frigidaire discovered a new class of synthetic refrigerants called halocarbons or CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons) in 1928. That research lead to the discovery of chlorofluorocarbons (Freon), which quickly became the standard used in compressor refrigerators. Freon was safer for those nearby but was later discovered in 1973 by Prof. James Lovelock, to be harmful to the ozone layer. To prevent further damage, new developments were made, such as Hydroflouro carbons which have no known effect on the ozone layer. Chlorofluorocarbons (CFS) are no longer used; they are outlawed in several places, making refrigeration far safer today than it has ever been.

A1799

B1803

C1840

D1949

E1973

Questions 1-4

Use the information in the passage to match the people(listed A-E) with opinions or deeds below.

Write the appropriate letters A-E in boxes 1-4on your answers sheet.

1 Vehicles of transporting refrigerator on road

2 The first time ice sold around united states

3 Use of dangerous chemicals of refrigerator were no longer used

4 the term“Refrigerator"was firstly introduced in the year of

Questions 5-9

Use the information in the passage to match the people(is ted A-F) with opinions or deeds below.

Write the appropriate letters A-Fin boxes 5-9on your answers sheet

A Thomas Moore

B Frederick Tudor

C Nathaniel Wyeth

D J.B. Sutherland

E Fred Jones

F Parker Earle

5 patented that Refrigerator can be delivered by train

6 An Ice-cutting technical method make the transportation less wasteful

7 Cold storage technology is applied in fruit

8 Refrigerator transportation assisted by trucking industry on road

9 For the first time, the phrase refrigeration was introduced

Questions 10-13

Write the correct number,A-E,in boxes 10-13on your answer sheet

10 Consumers' demand for fresh food, especially vegetables,lead to

11 The development of cities resulted in

12 Problems fatal accidents caused by water treatment resulted in

13 Risk of environmental damage from refrigerator leads to

A new developments were made, such as Hydroflouro carbons

B a healthy dietary change between 1830 and the Civil War

C the discovery of chlorofluorocarbons(Freon)

D regional transport system for refrigerator over distance

E widespread of mechanical refrigerator

答案:

2020年9月雅思考試預測

04

作文 Writing

大陸地區雅思考試8月的寫作部分,大作文考察了兩次環境問題。所出題目中,雖沒有出現以前機經版本中的原題,但是有針對舊題的重新翻新(人類活動對動植物影響、國際扶貧),所以建議九月參考的考生接下來重點關注教育與家庭、工作、科技和城市類話題。以下為大家帶來9月題目預測:

*****(重點準備范圍)

>In many countries, people decide to have children at a later age of life than the past.

Why do you think this is?

Do advantages of this development outweigh disadvantages?

>Children today find it difficult to concentrate or pay attention to classes in schools.

What are the reasons?

What can be done to solve this problem?

>It is the responsibility of schools to teach children good behaviour in addition to provide formal education.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

>A rise in living standard in a country always seems to benefit cities rather than rural areas.

What are the causes? What can be done to solve this?

>As major cities around the world are growing fast and many problems occur. What are the problems that young people live in cities are caused by continued growth? What solutions do you suggest?

>Nowadays people can live and work wherever they want because of the development of communication technology and transport. Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

>Some say the purpose of education is to prepare individuals to be useful to society. Others say the purpose of education is to achieve personal ambitions.

Discuss both view and give your own opinion.

>In some countries, the widespread use of the internet has given people more freedom to work or study at home, instead of travelling to and from work or school.

Do advantages of this development outweigh disadvantages?

>Some people think that any money spent by the government in supporting artist, such as painters, musicians and writers, is better than other more important things.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

>In recent years, the pressure on school and university students is increasing and they are pushed to work hard at very young ages.

Do you think this is a positive or negative development?

***(次重點準備范圍)

>Some people believe that the development of modern society makes old people's life much worse, while others think their life is becoming better.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

>Art classes like painting and drawing is important to students’ development and it should be compulsory in high school.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

>Some people think it is more important to spend money on roads and motorways than public transport systems.

Do you agree or disagree?

>Full-time university students should spend a lot of time on studying, but it is essential to do other activities.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

>An increasing people change their career and place of residents several times during their life.

Is this a positive or negative development?

>Too much money is spent in maintaining and repairing old buildings. Some people think that they should be knocked down and give way to the modern buildings.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

>Many people believe that social networking sites such as facebook have had a negative impact on individuals and society.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

>In many cities, planners build shops, schools, offices and homes in specific areas which may be separated from each other.

Do you think the advantages outweigh disadvantages?

>Some people think parents should read or tell stories to children. Others think they can read books and watch TV by themselves.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

>Some people believe that the development of a country benefits from the high-educated university students, while others think that large amount of young graduates only leads to high unemployment.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

>Some people think that universities should provide practical knowledge rather than theoretical subjects.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

>In the past, people used to live in the same place all their life. However, it is common that now people change their place to live several times during.

What are the reasons for this?

Is this a positive or negative development?

>Some people believe that children can learn effectively by watching TV and they should be encouraged to watch TV both at home and in school.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

>Some people believe that using mobile phones and computers to communicate make them lose the ability to communicate with each other face to face.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

備考建議

1. 重點記背話題詞匯

2. 積累觀點,并用積累過的單詞、短語講觀點用完整句寫作,進行觀點句寫作練習

3. 嘗試計時寫作,小作文控制在15-20分鐘內、大作文35-40分鐘內完成

4. 寫作完成后練習自我糾錯檢查,保證語法正確率

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